Data Protection Law in Nigeria

Data Protection Law in Nigeria

September 17, 2019

Data is the new gold and as such should be handled with a lot of care to prevent abuse by both individuals and corporate entities.

A person who has control over people’s data has lots of power over them and so in other to protect the data of a natural person, Nigeria has advanced with the enactment of the “Data protection law of Nigeria”known as NITDA (2019). This law regulates the use of personal data by data controllers which in this context can mean a company.

The law strictly prohibits the company from transferring the personal data of its staff or a third party to another person and it also implores companies to protect same from identity theft, secured against all unforeseeable hazard such as against virus, cyberattack etc and, it must be adequate, accurate and without prejudice to the dignity of a human person.

It is pertinent that every company must adhere to this law and this is so because if they are found guilty of giving unauthorised data to a third party, criminal actions can be instituted against them and they may be required to pay a fine of up to N10, 000, 000 (Ten Million Naira) million or N2, 000, 000 (Two Million Naira) depending on the amount of data that is being controlled by the entity or they may forfeit either 2% or 1% of all their gross income of the preceding year, this is determined by the amount of data the company controls. Where the company controls data of over 10, 000, he would pay the former but where they control data of less than 10, 000 the latter would be the case.

 

 

 

The information in this blog post (“post”) is provided for general informational purposes only, no information contained in this post should be construed as legal advice, nor is it intended to be a substitute for legal counsel on any subject matter. No reader of this post should act or refrain from acting on the basis of any information included in, or accessible through this post without seeking the appropriate legal or professional advice from the particular facts and circumstances at issue from a lawyer. This post is protected by intellectual property law and regulations. It may however be shared using appropriate sharing tools provided that our authorship is always acknowledged and this Disclaimer Notice attached

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Frequently Asked

  • Why must I file Annual Returns?

    It is a mandatory statutory requirement under the Companies and Allied Matters Act to file Annual Returns yearly. 

  • Must my Company Secretary be a Lawyer?

    Although it’s ideal to have a lawyer as a company secretary, it is not compulsory for small private businesses.

  • What is an execution clause in a contract?

    This is the section in which the parties sign the contract or agreement.

  • What are the penalties for not registering my products with the SON?
      1. Seizure of goods by the Inspectorate and Compliance Directorate
      2. Payment of a fine.
      3. Prosecution

     

  • What is personal data?

    This is any information that can be used to identify an identifiable human person such passport photograph.

  • Why should I protect an industrial design?
    1. It gives commercial value to the owner.
    2. It protects the owner of the design from imitation of the design..
    3. It constitutes an asset of the company and it helps in fair return on investment.
  • When can I start renewal of the registration of my product(s) with NAFDAC?

    You can start renewal 6 months to the date of expiry.

  • What’s the difference between a business name and an LLC?
    • A business name is a sole proprietorship, usually owned and managed by one individual only. Legally, the sole proprietor and his business are one. It simply means an individual trading with an alias. The sole proprietor is personally liable for all business related obligations.

    • A limited liability company on the other hand is a separate business entity from the individuals that hold its shares and act as directors. Legally, it’s a separate business entity and a person on its own who can transact business, own property separate from its owners and can sue or be sued. 

  • Will my trademark registration in Nigeria protect me worldwide?

    No, all intellectual property (IP) rights which includes trademarks are territorial, which means you are protected in the countries in which you register them.

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