Data Protection Compliance Requirement for Nigerian Businesses

Data Protection Compliance Requirement for Nigerian Businesses

September 22, 2023



Nigerian Data Protection Regulation (NDPR) provides legal safeguards for the processing of personal data.



The Nigeria Data Protection Act 2023 (NDPA) is Nigeria’s main data protection legislation and it provides a legal framework for the protection of personal information and establishes the Nigerian data protection commission for the regulation of the processing of personal data information.

The Act prohibits unlawful processing of personal information which consists of personal data and sensitive personal data of natural persons. The Constitution also Contains provisions for data protection.


  • Non-compliance with personal data protection laws can lead to reputational damage such as loss of customer trust & brand value, etc.
  • Organizations that are non-compliant with the regulation may have to pay 2% of their annual turnover or N10, 000, 000 , whichever is higher.
  • Companies may also be liable for any damage caused to individuals because of their voluntary or involuntary actions.
  • The National Information Technology Development Agency (NITDA) can revoke your license or impose a temporary or permanent ban impacting your operations, as a result of failure to comply with the NDPR.



Determine if Your organization is a Data Controller or Data Processor: Difference between the Data Controller and Data Processor:

i. Data controller is the one that decides how the data is collected, used, and disclosed according to data protection compliance, also to ensure that personal data is obtained with explicit user consent.

ii Data Processor processes users’ personal data on behalf of the data controller. The data controller will be held liable for any violation done by the data processor or the data controller.

  1. Mitigate the Issues: As soon as you know what processes your organization follows and where it stands in terms of data protection, you need to deal with the issues.
  2. Appoint a Data Privacy Officer (DPO): To comply with NDPR, you must appoint a Data Privacy Officer (DPO), which can be an individual or an entity. A few roles of a DPO includes: Monitoring Internal compliance, offering guidance, serving as a contact point, conducting data protection impact assessment.
  3. Submitting Reports to NITDA: The data controllers who process the personal data of over 1000 subjects in 6 months must submit a soft copy of the audit to the NITDA through their appointed DPOs. Here’s what the report must contain: A detailed description of data processing activities, which would include the type of data collected and the purpose, the parties with whom the data is shared, proof of compliance with the NDPR.
  4. Train your Staff: When your staff/employees know the importance of NDPR will they be able to follow the regulations and help stay compliant.


Team 618 Bees


The information in this blog post (“post”) is provided for general informational purposes only, no information contained in this post should be construed as legal advice, nor is it intended to be a substitute for legal counsel on any subject matter. No reader of this post should act or refrain from acting on the basis of any information included in, or accessible through this post without seeking the appropriate legal or professional advice from the particular facts and circumstances at issue from a lawyer. This post is protected by intellectual property law and regulations. It may however be shared using appropriate sharing tools provided that our authorship is always acknowledged and this Disclaimer Notice attached

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Frequently Asked

  • What additional documents do I require to file my Annual Returns?
  • Do I need a Company Secretary?

    A limited liability company (LLC) must not have a company secretary.

  • What are the terms of a contract?
    • an offer and an acceptance.
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    You can start renewal 6 months to the date of expiry.

  • Is it legal to transfer the personal data you obtained legally to another person?

    No, its not legal. This is because the law prohibits anyone from transferring the data of a third party to another person without consent from the third party to do same even if the data was rightfully obtained in the first instance.

  • Can an industrial design be sold?

    An industrial design is a company asset and the right to sell is in the hands of the registered owner.

  • What are the product categories available when registering with NAFDAC?

    The product categories include: Food, Cosmetics, Drug, Medical Device, Agro-Chemicals & Pesticide, Veterinary Products, Vaccines & Biologicals, Herbal and Nutraceuticals and Water

  • What’s the difference between a business name and an LLC?
    • A business name is a sole proprietorship, usually owned and managed by one individual only. Legally, the sole proprietor and his business are one. It simply means an individual trading with an alias. The sole proprietor is personally liable for all business related obligations.

    • A limited liability company on the other hand is a separate business entity from the individuals that hold its shares and act as directors. Legally, it’s a separate business entity and a person on its own who can transact business, own property separate from its owners and can sue or be sued. 

  • Can I trademark my logo and name separately? Why is this a good idea?

    Yes you can. The advantage is that it gives you the opportunity to have more than one logo or the opportunity to change your logo easily as opposed to registering the name and the logo as one trademark.

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